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Medal of Honor Recipient


Some of this information comes from the biographical file for pilot Johnson, CJ-403000-01, reviewed by me in the archives of the National Air & Space Museum (NASM), Washington, DC.




Your copy of the Davis-Monthan Airfield Register with all the pilots' signatures and helpful cross-references to pilots and their aircraft is available at the link. Or use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author, while supplies last.


http://www.cafepress.com/content/global/img/spacer.gifThe Congress of Ghosts is an anniversary celebration for 2010.  It is an historical biography, that celebrates the 5th year online of www.dmairfield.org and the 10th year of effort on the project dedicated to analyze and exhibit the history embodied in the Register of the Davis-Monthan Airfield, Tucson, AZ. This book includes over thirty people, aircraft and events that swirled through Tucson between 1925 and 1936. It includes across 277 pages previously unpublished photographs and texts, and facsimiles of personal letters, diaries and military orders. Order your copy at the link.


Military Aircraft of the Davis Monthan Register, 1925-1936 is available at the link. This book describes and illustrates with black & white photographs the majority of military aircraft that landed at the Davis-Monthan Airfield between 1925 and 1936. The book includes biographies of some of the pilots who flew the aircraft to Tucson as well as extensive listings of all the pilots and airplanes. Use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author, while supplies last.


Art Goebel's Own Story by Art Goebel (edited by G.W. Hyatt) is written in language that expands for us his life as a Golden Age aviation entrepreneur, who used his aviation exploits to build a business around his passion.  Available as a free download at the link.


Winners' Viewpoints: The Great 1927 Trans-Pacific Dole Race is available at the link. What was it like to fly from Oakland to Honolulu in a single-engine plane during August 1927? Was the 25,000 dollar prize worth it? Did the resulting fame balance the risk? For the first time ever, this book presents the pilot and navigator's stories written by them within days of their record-setting adventure. Pilot Art Goebel and navigator William V. Davis, Jr. take us with them on the Woolaroc, their orange and blue Travel Air monoplane (NX869) as they enter the hazardous world of Golden Age trans-oceanic air racing.


Clover Field: The First Century of Aviation in the Golden State. With the 100th anniversary in 2017 of the use of Clover Field as a place to land aircraft in Santa Monica, this book celebrates that use by exploring some of the people and aircraft that made the airport great.



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Leon Johnson was born September 13, 1904 at Columbia, MO. He landed once at Tucson flying an unidentified Boeing P-12-D. Based at Riverside, CA March Field, he arrived solo from Riverside at 11:25AM on Saturday, September 14, 1935. He remained on the ground for an hour then departed eastward for El Paso, TX.

Although a lieutenant when he visited Tucson, according to his NASM biographical file (cited, left sidebar) he was soon (1936) promoted to captain. He went on to rise in the ranks to 4-star general, serving in WWII and beyond. Earlier, he had attended the U.S. Military Academy from 1922-1926. In 1936 he earned a master's degree in meteorology at the California Institute of Technology. His master's thesis was on the subject of ice formation on aircraft.

Johnson was involved in the famous low-altitude (fifty feet or lower to avoid radar detection and confound German antiaircraft fire) bombing of the German-controlled Ploesti oil refineries in Romania in August, 1943. At the date of upload of this page, there are about 70,000 Google hits for "Ploesti Raid," also known as "Operation Tidal Wave." Armchair historians have discussed the pros and cons of this raid. The concensus is that it was a very costly raid in terms of aircraft and personnel for a few weeks' delay in German oil output.

Johnson was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor (MOH) for his leadership during "Operation Tidal Wave." Johnson is not alone among Register signers to receive the MOH. The Army's James Doolittle and the Marine Corps' Christian Schilt are two others. Below, from the Air Force Times of September, 1983, Johnson, at left, donates his uniform.

Air Force Times, September 5, 1983 (Source: NASM)
Air Force Times, September 5, 1983 (Source: NASM)

After the war, his various tours of duty were in the capacity of Chief of Personnel Services, Headquarters USAF, Deputy to the Assistant Chief of Air Staff for Personnel and Commander of the Strategic Air Command's Fifteenth Air Force at Colorado Springs, CO. He returned to England in August, 1948 where he organized the Third Air Division, which later was elevated to Air Force status, becoming the Third Air Force in Europe. As such he provided facilities for the maintenance and support of SAC aircraft on rotational training missions and aircraft used in the Berlin Airlift.

He and his wife had to daughters, one of whom married Hoyt S. Vanderberg, Jr., son of Register pilot Hoyt Vandenberg. General Johnson retired July 31, 1961 with about 35 years of military service. His hobbies included repairing and refinishing furniture, woodworking in general, and collecting function and decorative copper originals.

Johnson died on November 10, 1997 in Fairfax, VA. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. As might be expected for a MOH recipient, and for a participant in one of the most famous/infamous missions of WWII, Johnson has a good Web presence. His official U.S. Air Force biography is at the link. A video (YouTube) of Johnson receiving his Medal of Honor is at the link. Numerous photographs and other biographical information about Johnson are at the links.


Dossier 2.2.113


The Register
I'm looking for photographs of this airplane to include on this page. If you have some you'd like to share, please click this FORM to contact me.


Thanks to site visitor Bob Woodling for help researching this page.

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