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This information comes from the biographical file for pilot Sumner, CS-919700-01, reviewed by me in the archives of the National Air & Space Museum, Washington, DC.




Your copy of the Davis-Monthan Airfield Register with all the pilots' signatures and helpful cross-references to pilots and their aircraft is available at the link. Or use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author, while supplies last.


http://www.cafepress.com/content/global/img/spacer.gifThe Congress of Ghosts is an anniversary celebration for 2010.  It is an historical biography, that celebrates the 5th year online of www.dmairfield.org and the 10th year of effort on the project dedicated to analyze and exhibit the history embodied in the Register of the Davis-Monthan Airfield, Tucson, AZ. This book includes over thirty people, aircraft and events that swirled through Tucson between 1925 and 1936. It includes across 277 pages previously unpublished photographs and texts, and facsimiles of personal letters, diaries and military orders. Order your copy at the link.


Military Aircraft of the Davis Monthan Register, 1925-1936 is available at the link. This book describes and illustrates with black & white photographs the majority of military aircraft that landed at the Davis-Monthan Airfield between 1925 and 1936. The book includes biographies of some of the pilots who flew the aircraft to Tucson as well as extensive listings of all the pilots and airplanes. Use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author, while supplies last.


Art Goebel's Own Story by Art Goebel (edited by G.W. Hyatt) is written in language that expands for us his life as a Golden Age aviation entrepreneur, who used his aviation exploits to build a business around his passion.  Available as a free download at the link.


Winners' Viewpoints: The Great 1927 Trans-Pacific Dole Race is available at the link. What was it like to fly from Oakland to Honolulu in a single-engine plane during August 1927? Was the 25,000 dollar prize worth it? Did the resulting fame balance the risk? For the first time ever, this book presents the pilot and navigator's stories written by them within days of their record-setting adventure. Pilot Art Goebel and navigator William V. Davis, Jr. take us with them on the Woolaroc, their orange and blue Travel Air monoplane (NX869) as they enter the hazardous world of Golden Age trans-oceanic air racing.


Clover Field: The First Century of Aviation in the Golden State. With the 100th anniversary in 2017 of the use of Clover Field as a place to land aircraft in Santa Monica, this book celebrates that use by exploring some of the people and aircraft that made the airport great.


June 5, 1933. New York Times. Miss Sumner Wins Air Race For Women: Thirty Thousand See Annette Gibson [sic] Event at Floyd Bennett Field.

June 5, 1933. Daily News. Washington, DC.

June 8, 1933. Evening Star. Washington, DC. Girl Flying Across U.S.

June 11, 1933. Sunday Star. Washington, DC.

See also Plehinger, Russ in the REFERENCES.


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Henrietta Sumner, June 1933 (Source: NASM File)
Henrietta Sumner, June 1933

Henrietta Sumner landed solo at Tucson on May 17, 1933 flying Travel Air NC5426. Based at Los Angeles, CA, she was eastbound with her destination recorded as Akron, OH. It is not too much of a stretch to assume she was headed for the east coast to compete in the Annette Gipson All-Women's Air Race the following month (see below). She flew NC5426 in that race.

Image, right, of Henrietta Sumner clipped from the Washington, DC Sunday Star of June 11, 1933. The caption for the image states, "Henrietta Sumner of Los Angeles, Calif., waving to the gallery after flying her fast plane to victory in the annual Annette Gipson all-women air race at Floyd Bennett Field, N.Y. The best woman flyers of the country competed." Perhaps this image was snapped by the photographer in shirt sleeves holding a camera in the image immediately below. Note the checked shirt with white collar, which is visible in some of the other images below.

Image, below, from the NY Herald Tribune, Sunday June 11, 1933. There appears to be wording on top of the left wing, but I can't make it out. "NC..." is on the right wing. This is her Travel Air, NC5426. Note the front cockpit is covered over for racing.

Henrietta Sumner at Finish of Gipson Race, June 4, 1933 (Source: NASM File)
Henrietta Sumner at Finish of Gipson Race, June 4, 1933

Sumner's time over the 45 mile course was 17 minutes seven seconds, plus her handicap allowance of 3 minutes 39 seconds. Twenty-three other female aviators, including Mary Charles competed in the Gipson race, which was held on June 4th. Amelia Earhart served as starter, and Ruth Nichols as scorekeeper.

The New York Times of June 5th reported, "Mrs. Frances Marsalis of Valley Stream, in a Waco, took second place. Third place went ot Miss Jessamine Goddard of New York in a Monocoupe, and Mrs. Mary Moore Samson of Hartford, in a Fleet was fourth. The winner received $500 and the next three, $200, $100 and $50, respectively."

The Washington, DC Daily News of June 5th reported, "...She announced that she was going to use part of the prize money to buy a new pair of flying trousers, having torn her present pair in climbing out of the cockpit at the end of the race." And, "Johanna Busse, Washington's only entrant, failed to win any cash."

Below, an image of the contestants for the 1933 Gipson Trophy Race that she won. It is unknown if this image was taken before or after the race, but the informality of it suggests it was snapped before the photographer said, "Look at the camera and smile!" Sumner is third from the left, seated in the checked shirt. The airplane is not Henrietta's (wrong registration number and the front cockpit is uncovered). Amelia Earhart is at far left, standing, with Florence Klingensmith third from left in the necktie. Ruth Nichols stands second from right with Mrs. I.J. Fox far right. Laura Ingalls, in beret, kneels in the center of the first row, with Annette Gipson, race namesake, to her right in the photo. Earhart was the official starter for the race, and her starter's flag can be seen draped in front of her and held with her left hand.

Contestants in 1933 Gipson Trophy Race (Source: Sumner Family)
Contestants in 1933 Gipson Trophy Race

Below, an image taken just after the finish of the race. A smiling Sumner is escorted across the ramp wearing her helmet and goggles and checked shirt. We cannot see the tear in her trousers alluded to in the news article, above. Mrs. I.J. Fox, race sponsor, is in the beret. Her husband was a major New York furrier, which probably explains the furs in June. Annette Gipson is second from left.

Henrietta Sumner, Gipson Trophy Winner, June 4, 1933 (Source: Sumner Family)
Henrietta Sumner, Gipson Trophy Winner, June 1933

Below, an image from the NY Daily News, which identifies the participants by name. If you want a closer look at the people and the print, you may download a PDF file of this article here. Henrietta Sumner is second from right, again in the checked shirt.

Gipson Particpants in NY Daily News June 5, 1933 (Source: Sumner Family)
Gipson Particpants in NY Daily News June 5, 1933

These images are from Henrietta's memorabilia that her family is presently organizing. If anyone knows anything about these images, please contact us here.

Below, from site visitor Joe Kranz, a U.S. postal cachet signed by Henrietta (Sumner) Lantz on July 1, 1933. Notice that Sumner's name is now stated as Henrietta Lantz. It appears that she was married or changed her name during June, 1933. Does anyone KNOW the details? This cachet commemorates the 1933 National Air Races. Fresh from her victory in the Gipson event, her trip back to California was announced in the Washington, DC Evening Star. That newspaper reported on Thursday June 8th, "Henrietta Sumner, who won an all-woman air race here last Sunday, took off today for her home, in Hollywood, Calif. She planned to make only two stops, the first at St. Louis and the second at Yuma, Ariz." She must have been pretty tough, as this would be a grueling trip, even in today's better-equipped small airplanes.

Henrietta Sumner Lantz, U.S. Postal Cachet, July 1, 1933 (Source: Kranz)
Henrietta Sumner Lantz, U.S. Postal Cachet, July 1, 1933 (Source: Kranz)

While her NASM file contains no early biographical information, Sumner/Lantz has a short list of aviation accomplishments and record attempts to her name (see Plehinger, left sidebar). Among them, on November 30-December 8, 1934 she and Jean LaRene attempted a women's landplane refueled endurance record at Oklahoma City, OK. Flying a Curtiss Thrush, NR581N (not a Register airplane), they were forced down short of a record by engine trouble after 198 hours and 13 minutes in the air. The pilot of their refueling plane was Kenneth B. Hunter. Below, a photograph made during that event from the British publication Popular Flying, March 1935. Image courtesy of Mike Gerow.

Henrietta Sumner, Sometime Between November 30-December 8, 1934 (Source: NASM File)
Henrietta Sumner, November 30-December 8, 1934

The Athol (MA) Daily News of December 6, 1934 reported, "Ten days without touching foot or wheel to the ground was the goal of female fliers Henrietta Sumner and Jean La Rene, as they sought a new woman's endurance record over Oklahoma City recently." The photo, below, from the Smithsonian, shows Sumner on the left and Jean LaRene with their airplane. It is not clear if the photo was taken before or after their record attempt. The same photo with a description of the context is at LaRene's link.

Henrietta Sumner Lantz (L) & Jean LaRene, Ca. December, 1934 (Source: NASM)
Henrietta Sumner Lantz (L) & Jean LaRene, Ca. December, 1934 (Source: NASM)

In September 1935 she planned another refueled endurance record with Beverly Dodge, but it was never executed. With NC5426 she set an inverted flight record for women of 1h 45m in June of 1935, exact date and place not known.

In October, 1935, she competed in the Pacific Air Pageant (news article below). Note also mention of Register pilots Martie Boman, Milo Burcham and Harold Neumann.

Torrance (CA) Herald, October 23, 1935 (Source: Web)
Torrance (CA) Herald, Octobr 23, 1935 (Source: Web)


Henrietta Sumner with Lion Cub, Date Unknown (Source: Sumner Family)
Henrietta Sumner with Lion Cub, Date Unknown



What luck to be able to present to you these photographs received from Henrietta's granddaughter, Toby. She and her family are the 70th relatives of Davis-Monthan pilots and passengers to contact me through this Web site. It is a pleasure to showcase their images that they offer so freely to us.

At right, Henrietta Sumner poses with a lion cub. This image, in the characteristic deep sepia of aging photos of the era, is in the manner of Roscoe Turner and his lion Gilmore. Unless this photograph was taken near 1930-31, however, the cub is probably not Gilmore. Does anyone know?



















Dossier 2.4.20

THIS PAGE UPLOADED: 11/07/07 REVISED: 12/18/07, 10/06/08, 10/07/09, 07/03/11

The Register

I'm looking for additional information about pilot Sumner (especially early biographical; birth-death dates), as well as about her airplane, NC5426, to include on this page. If you have some you'd like to share, please use this FORM to contact me

Thanks to the family of pilot Sumner for providing the images at the bottom of this page.


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