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This information comes from the biographical file for pilot Kelsey, CK-203000-01, reviewed by me in the archives of the National Air & Space Museum (NASM), Washington, DC.




Your copy of the Davis-Monthan Airfield Register with all the pilots' signatures and helpful cross-references to pilots and their aircraft is available at the link. Or use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author, while supplies last.

---o0o--- Congress of Ghosts is an anniversary celebration for 2010.  It is an historical biography, that celebrates the 5th year online of and the 10th year of effort on the project dedicated to analyze and exhibit the history embodied in the Register of the Davis-Monthan Airfield, Tucson, AZ. This book includes over thirty people, aircraft and events that swirled through Tucson between 1925 and 1936. It includes across 277 pages previously unpublished photographs and texts, and facsimiles of personal letters, diaries and military orders. Order your copy at the link.


Military Aircraft of the Davis Monthan Register, 1925-1936 is available at the link. This book describes and illustrates with black & white photographs the majority of military aircraft that landed at the Davis-Monthan Airfield between 1925 and 1936. The book includes biographies of some of the pilots who flew the aircraft to Tucson as well as extensive listings of all the pilots and airplanes. Use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author, while supplies last.


Art Goebel's Own Story by Art Goebel (edited by G.W. Hyatt) is written in language that expands for us his life as a Golden Age aviation entrepreneur, who used his aviation exploits to build a business around his passion.  Available as a free download at the link.


Winners' Viewpoints: The Great 1927 Trans-Pacific Dole Race is available at the link. What was it like to fly from Oakland to Honolulu in a single-engine plane during August 1927? Was the 25,000 dollar prize worth it? Did the resulting fame balance the risk? For the first time ever, this book presents the pilot and navigator's stories written by them within days of their record-setting adventure. Pilot Art Goebel and navigator William V. Davis, Jr. take us with them on the Woolaroc, their orange and blue Travel Air monoplane (NX869) as they enter the hazardous world of Golden Age trans-oceanic air racing.


Clover Field: The First Century of Aviation in the Golden State. With the 100th anniversary in 2017 of the use of Clover Field as a place to land aircraft in Santa Monica, this book celebrates that use by exploring some of the people and aircraft that made the airport great.


Rust, Ken. 1986. "Early Airlines: Hard Times and New Airlines"Journal of the American Aviation Historical Society. 31: 3. 172 ff.


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Standard Air Lines Brochure


Harold Kelsey was born in Winfred, SD on April 29, 1891. He was educated through high school in South Dakota and Michigan. Based on the following it is difficult to believe he had the time or opportunity to finish high school.

At age 13 he was a railroad telegraph operator. At 14 he was a brakeman and, later, fireman and engineer on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad. At age 17 he became a conductor on the C., M. and St. Paul working out of Aberdeen, ND.

In 1915 he enlisted with the Canadian military, took flight training and soloed, but later returned to the United States and took up railroading again. He flew with the Royal Canadian Air Force.

In 1920 he went to California and again took up aviation, barnstorming with a fleet of three airplanes until 1928 when he took the job that brought him to Tucson.

H.J. Kelsey, Ca. Late 1920s (Source: Jackson County Historical Society)
H.J. Kelsey, Ca. Late 1920s

Kelsey is a phenomenon among the pilots of the Register. He is one of the most prolific visitors to the Airfield. He landed and signed the Register 53 times between October 15, 1928 and August 6, 1929.

The reason for his high number of landings is that Kelsey, after his barnstorming experiences, became a pilot for Standard Air Lines (670KB PDF download) owned by Jack Frye and Paul Richter, which operated between Los Angeles, Phoenix, Tucson, Douglas and El Paso (brochure, left). He was the second-most frequent visitor, just behind his Standard Air Lines (SAL) colleague Hap Russell, and just ahead of another SAL colleague Lee Willey.

Standard Air Lines (SAL) was in business for about 30 months. Kelsey left SAL when it was purchased by Western Air Express. He then became one of the original four pilots on the Western Division of American Airways in October 1930 (see below). He had over 4,500 flight hours at that time. At the time he signed the Register, he had two daughters aged 16 and 18.

All but one of Kelsey's landings, as far as I can tell, were during transport duties. He flew the workhorses of Standard Airlines: NC580K, NC8011 and NC9724. After Standard merged into WAE, the TWA parent, in late 1929, Kelsey, as well as his friend Hap Russell, went to work for American Airways.


Standard Air Lines-Train Service Inaugural

The photo above from the El Paso, TX Herald-Post of February 4, 1929, chronicles the establishment of a rail link between El Paso, TX and points east or west for Standard Air Lines passengers. Pilot Kelsey (the reporter got his initials wrong) is farthest on the left. Interestingly, one of the people in the photo, J.T. Whitlaw (initials also wrong), was also a passenger with Dudley Steele in Stearman NC6439 on January 22, 1929.

The excellent photograph below from 1929 shows most of the key players of the short-lived Standard Air Lines, including our pilot Harold Kelsey (second from right).

Standard Airlines Personnel, 1929


Popular Aviation, October, 1931 (Source: PA)
Popular Aviation, October, 1931 (Source: PA)


Photo, above, shared with us by Ruth Richter Holden, daughter of Paul. See her web site about her father here. Left to right, President of Standard Air Lines Jack Frye, Pilot William Kingsley, Chief Pilot Hap Russell, Vice President Operations Walter Hamilton (signed the Register twice as a passenger), Pilot Johnnie Martin, Pilot Donald Cornell (did not sign the Register), Pilot Harold Kelsey and Vice President & General Manager Paul Richter, Jr. Officers Frye and Richter were also pilots of the line. The airplane is a Fokker trimotor, probably the one the company called "The Arizonan". Note the automobile at rear (anybody know the make/model?) with fire extinguisher and observer.

At some point in time, left, Kelsey carried an important piece of freight in South America. The article, from Popular Aviation (PA) magazine, October, 1931, cites Kelsey carrying by air an oil casing plug. It is not clear with which airline he was working.



The Information and image below are courtesy of John Paul Jones (credit right sidebar). In the image, we see Kelsey kneeling at left. The other two pilots in uniform are unidentified, but the one on the right is the same one as here, standing to the left of Hap Russell.

Mr. Jones says about this image, " Postmaster H.C. Kramp is standing against the fuselage with the flying helmet and goggles next to the woman also with helmet and goggles.  It could possibly be his wife who donated the photograph to the library."

Harold Kelsey, American Airways Pilot, Kneeling at Left (Source: J.P. Jones)
Harold Kelsey, American Airways Pilot, Kneeling at Left

Pilot Kelsey met a heroic, yet grim end in a 1932 crash. Mr. Jones says of the information below, "Incidentally, today, March 19, 2008 is the 76th anniversary of his death and I think it fitting you have posted the account of his accident to the web page." Forthwith, according to Rust (citation in left sidebar):

“Meanwhile, winter weather had still not run its course.  At 7:30 P.M. on the 19th of March [1932], an American Airlines [it should be American Airways] Fokker trimotor [not sure of the registration number], flying from Phoenix to Burbank with five passengers, was headed down San Gorgonio Pass when it was trapped by clouds blowing in from the west and was forced so close to the ground trying to stay under them that it struck a high tension power line near Calimesa.  Pilot Harold J. Kelsey, 41, an RCAF veteran and pioneer commercial flier with 6,000 hours, and copilot Hollis H. Campbell kept the plane in the air after hitting the power line and made a two-mile circle.  Then, within half a mile of where the power line had been hit, the engines were throttled back and the plane descended toward a field for a landing but hit a tree and crashed into an apple orchard, plowing through it for 75 yards and ripping down 15 trees before it stopped on its nose, right side up and caught fire.  All seven aboard lost their lives.”  


Further, the following information comes to us from site visitor Michael Kirchmeier, Director, Jackson County Historical Society, Lakefield, MN (cited, right sidebar). The article is from the Jackson (MN) Republic, March 25, 1932.

Jackson (MN) Republic, March 25, 1932 (Source: Jackson County Historical Society)
Jackson (MN) Republic, March 25, 1932


































He says about this information, "I ran across the obituary and became curious, because I am always looking for individuals who once lived in Jackson County who went on to some level of notoriety. I then went to the internet and a search brought me to your posting...."

As happens many times, if you read this article closely you'll pick up on a few errors. For example, the discrepancy in his birth date in the article (April 25, 1889) with that at the top of the page derived from his biographical file at the Smithsonian (April 29, 1891). That date also appeared in Aero Digest, October, 1931, Vol. 19 no. 4, page 52.

A second error is the statement about his employment with American Airways in 1924. AA was not in existence at that time. He worked for Standard Air Lines (SAL) roughly 1927-1929, and it was the SAL route from "Los Angeles to Texas" that is referred to in the article.

The photograph, below, is from the Jackson County (MN) Pilot of Thursday, March 25, 1932. It shows the extent of the damage done by the crash and the ensuing fire. There is really nothing left of the soft parts of the airplane. Cylinders from one of the radial engines can be seen in the foreground, and the forward section of the steel tube structure of the fuselage is visible in the background.

Jackson County (MN) Pilot of Thursday, March 25, 1932 (Source: Jackson County Historical Society)
Jackson County (MN) Pilot of Thursday, March 25, 1932

Author Ernest K. Gann, in his Fate is the Hunter, lists several hundred names of deceased pilots in his dedication: “To these old comrades with wings... forever folded”.  On page viii of my copy, 1st printing, hard- cover edition, first column, 19th name down, he lists:  " Kelsey, H.J.    AA". Indeed, says Gann, "Their fortune was not so good as mine."


Dossier 2.1.106

UPLOADED: 12/30/05 REVISED: 01/03/06, 09/04/06, 03/18/08, 03/19/08, 06/12/09, 06/24/14

The Register
I need other images of pilot Kelsey. Can you help?

Some of the information and images of pilot Kelsey and Fokker NC9724 flown by Kelsey courtesy of John Paul Jones and the Aultman Collection of the El Paso Public Library.  

Other information and images courtesy of Michael Kirchmeier, Director, Jackson County Historical Society, Lakefield, MN.

The Society does not have a discrete Web site, but here is their contact information:

Box 238 (mailing)
307 North Highway 86 (museum)
Lakefield, MN 56150
Five Oh Seven-662-5505

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